Research teams/ IFREMER
Presentation of the teams
The detailed presentations of the tea ms and their roles in COSELMAR can be downloaded (in French) through the links below.
The Phycotoxin laboratory (PHYC), in Nantes, is a coherent structure responding to the needs of research, expertise and monitoring on the fate of toxins from microalgae in the marine food webs. Its objective is to develop and complete scientific knowledge and techniques in relation to contaminations through seafood products, in order to characterise health hazards caused by phycotoxins and help in the management of associated risks. In this endeavour, the laboratory works closely with partners concerned at regional, national, European and international levels.
More information: http://wwz.ifremer.fr/laboratoire_phycotoxines
The LER-PML (Laboratoire environnement, ressources du Morbihan- Pays de la Loire) is found at the Ifremer Station of La Trinité sur Mer. Part of the team is localised at La Trinité sur Mer (Morbihan) and the other at the Centre Ifremer de Nantes (Loire Atlantique). Its geographical responsibilities extend from the department of Morbihan, Loire Atlantique and Vendée Nord. The laboratory collects data on the quality of the environment and Resources for the network working on the observation and monitoring of phytoplankton and of physico-chemical parameters (REPHY), of benthic communities (REBENT), of chemical contaminations (ROCCH), of exploited resources and pathological network (REPAMO) and shellfish productivity (RESCO). The laboratory is situated at the heart of Mor Braz, a eutrophic area which provides an ideal productive, exploited and severely anthropogenic environment.
More information: http://wwz.ifremer.fr/lermpl
The sustainable exploitation of living marine resources is being called into question by overexploitation, degradation of habitats, alterations of food webs, pollutions and human development along the coasts. The ecosystem approach consists of taking into consideration the sustainability of the uses in a context of natural variations and climate change. The PCP reforms (2013), along with the regulatory framework of the Strategy Framework Directive to the Marine Environment, show the need for public policy to implement an ecosystem approach. The EMH’s aim (Ecologie et Modèles pour l’Halieutique) is to build up knowledge and methods to encourage this approach and to, particularly, answer the need for diagnosis on fishery resources and their environment, for assessment of management scenarios and for ecosystem monitoring (with regards to the Strategy Framework Directive to the Marine Environment).
More information: http://wwz.ifremer.fr/emh
BIORAFHE (STBM – BRE)
On the 1st July 2009, the department of Sciences et Techniques Alimentaires Marines (STAM) and the department Biotechnologies Marines (BM) merged to form the department of Biotechnologie et Ressources Marines (BRM). The upside of this merging has been the creation of the Laboratory of Science and Technologie de la Biomasse Marine (STBM) that includes all researchers from STAM.
The STBM comprises of biochemists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, scientific engineers, food technologists, experts in sensory analysis and engineers specialised in transfer of knowledge and standardisation. Its aim is to optimise the value of marine biomass for a sustainable exploitation. This multidisciplinary aspect is essential to tackle such a complex issue and the laboratory encourages interdisciplinary collaborations via a platform of organised multidisciplinary skills.
More information: http://wwz.ifremer.fr/bioconversion_ressources_marines/Presentation/STBM
Microalgae is an essential food source in aquaculture and also a potential source for new molecules, be it natural or produced by recombinant expression.
Little is known about the physiology of microalgae and an understanding of the mechanisms, of this very diverse group, is important for their value. Knowledge of their metabolic pathways and the alterations brought about by environmental variations at a cellular level or a population level can help alter, control and optimise cultures according to expected objectives.
The Physiologie et Biotechnologie des Algues Laboratory comprises of two teams:
Algae and genomics
More information: http://wwz.ifremer.fr/pba
The unit is primarily concerned with observations and modelling of coupled dynamic of the coastal environment.
Dynamique de l’environnement côtier (DYNECO) works mainly on :
Hydrodynamic of coastal circulation from the continental shelf to the bay
Sediment movements at the same scales
Benthic ecosystems, from the distributions of habitats and of their natural spatio-temporal biodiversity to that of invasive species
Pelagic ecosystems, from the primary production boosted by terrigenous inputs to the proliferation of phytoplankton and toxic species
And, more globally, the monitoring of the quality of coastal environment, all compartments included, assessed through data from observation networks, with development of indicators and control methods of anthropogenic impacts.
More information: http://wwz.ifremer.fr/dyneco/